How to use WHERE statements in MySQL

In the realm of MySQL database admin, you will at some stage discover by yourself sifting by way of the substantial selection of details observed in your facts heart databases. This is all wonderful and excellent when you have a GUI resource for the activity.

But what if you need to have to fall to the command line? What do you do? You make use of Wherever statements. What is a A Wherever assertion? Very simple. This instrument is used in MySQL queries to filter documents so that they meet a distinct affliction. Any rows that do not meet up with the specified condition are eliminated from the results of the query. In which statements are extremely useful to use, and I am likely to present you how.

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What you require

To make this operate, you need an installation of MySQL server up and working. I am going to assume you have that obtainable. I will also assume you have information on your MySQL server. If not, adhere to the actions in How to insert details into MySQL tables from the command line (I am going to essentially follow the case in point revealed in that write-up).

With that said, let us get to perform.

Using the databases

In the over stated piece, we established a databases termed TECHREPUBLIC and additional data to it. In buy to make use of the In which statement, we must first adjust to the TECHREPUBLIC database. So log into your MySQL prompt with the command:

mysql -u root -p

If you get an error, when making an attempt to log in to the MySQL prompt, you may possibly have to as an alternative situation the command:

sudo mysql -u root -p

Adjust to the TECHREPUBLIC database with the command:

USE TECHREPUBLIC

You must now see that you are working with the suitable database (Figure A).

Figure A: We have transformed to the TECHREPUBLIC database.

Pick out and Where by

In get to use the The place assertion, you ought to to start with know how to use the Find statement. What this statement does is specify, which columns to go through info from. So, in our TECHREPUBLIC database we have a desk identified as Customers2. In that desk we have columns:

Say we want to check out an entry in the lastname column that consists of ‘wallen.’ To do that, we use the two the Find and Exactly where statements, these types of that Decide on instructs the query to choose from the lastname column and Where by states to filter out each instance but individuals that do not equivalent a specified string. With In which statements you can test for the adhering to:

  • Equality, utilizing =.
  • Inequality, applying !=.
  • Considerably less-than, using <.
  • Less-than or equal-to, using <=.
  • Greater than, using>.
  • Higher than or equivalent to, employing >=.
  • Amongst
  • IN
  • EXISTS
  • LIKE
  • IS NULL
  • IS NOT NULL

For our instance, we will use the equality check.

So, remember, we’re screening the lastname column, in the Members2 desk, for entries that are equivalent to ‘wallen’. Here is how to do that (from the MySQL prompt):

Pick out * FROM Members2 Where by lastname = 'wallen'

The results will show only these entries whose lastname column is equal to ‘wallen’ (Determine B).

Figure B

Determine B: Our first Where by assertion.

If you want to filter out all entries with the very last name ‘wallen’, you could use the inequality filter like so:

Decide on * FROM Members2 Exactly where lastname != 'wallen'

The effects from that question (Determine C) will checklist all entries but these whose lastname column consist of ‘wallen’.

Figure C

Determine C: Our inequality check employing the In which assertion.

Making use of Wildcards

Let us say, for example, that you can’t remember the comprehensive last name, but you know it begins with a ‘w’. How do you use a In which assertion to develop this sort of an entry? With a wildcard. For MySQL, the wildcard is the % character. In buy to make use of the wildcard, you can not use the equality test. In its place you must use the LIKE test, as such:

Find * FROM Members2 Where by lastname LIKE 'w%'

The outcomes will screen any lastname column entry that begins with a w (Determine D).

Figure D

Determine D: Applying a wildcard with a Exactly where statement.

And that’s the gist of using the The place statement with MySQL. When you do not have the electricity of a consumer-pleasant GUI, and you will need to look for for data, this statement will turn out to be unbelievably practical.

Also see

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Impression: Jack Wallen

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